Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist who wrote a book titled Suicide in the year 1897. Durkheim’s theory of suicide argues that individuals who take their lives are compelled to do so for social reasons and not a single act as thought by scientists who existed before him. Durkheim’s study results showed that men had higher chances of committing than women and also that Protestants had a high probability of taking their lives as compared to the Catholics. From his study, it can be seen that people who had little social status were the ones who took their lives most. This theory of suicide has some major weaknesses because Durkheim depended on secondary data from earlier researchers such as Adolph Wagner, who were quite biased in making general conclusions (Pescosolido & Georgianna, 2009). Another weakness was that investigators and scholars later established that the high rate of Protestant suicide compared to the Catholics was limited to parts of Europe where German was the primary language. Durkheim’s theory however still holds today, and there are many cases of suicide in the modern world.
Durkheim defines suicide as any event of loss of human life arising from either a personal act or an unforeseen act of the victim, and they have knowledge that the product is a loss of life. There are four categories of suicide, and that is egoistic, altruistic, anomic and fatalistic suicide. Egoistic suicide arises …
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