Polycystic Ovary SyndromeAngel Williams-KentSouth UniversityPracticum II: Family Health – Women’s HealthNSG 6430Dr. Sheri BuckleyNovember 30, 2015Introduction
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or polycystic ovary disease (PCOD) is a set of symptoms which affects females across different age groups. It is a health concern that largely affects women after puberty. In this disease the ovaries develop small cysts that lead to impaired menstruation (oligomenorrhea) or absence of menstruation (amenorrhoea). The development of the disease is attributed to hormonal imbalance and is associated with overproduction of androgens in comparison to estrogens in females. Hence, the disease is also called hyperandrogenic anovulation. It is so called because the women who are affected with the disease does not ovulate, which is reflected by a decrease in the frequency of menstruation.
Further, individuals who are affected with the disease exhibit male secondary sexual characteristics like excess facial and axial hair (the condition is called hirsutism), develops pelvic pain and suffers from difficulties in conceiving. Presently there are no causative factors that may be linked to the genesis of the disease. However, the risk factors that are associated with PCOD include overweight, endometrial cancer, diabetes and mood disorders. Recently, PCOD has been attributed as an inherited autosomal trait. Management of PCOD is aimed to alleviate the symptoms of the disease, …
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