First and Second Crusades critic comparison and contrasting
The crusades are holy wars that were fought between Christians in Europe and the non-Christian Muslims in the Middle East in the early ages between 1095 and 1291. The underlying reason for the holy wars was not only the liberation of Jerusalem from other Muslim invaders in the holy lands but later diversified to different angles (Bombi 2013).
The Catholic Church in the middle ages of 1095 sanctioned military campaigns to fight against any authorized access to holy lands. The crusader movements began through the intervention of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I who sought Pope’s intervention in preventing the increasing Turkish threats (Faculty.arts.ubc.ca 2015).
The Pope response was through calling upon the Roman Catholic soldiers to join the Crusader campaigns with the immediate goal of allowing Christians and other pilgrim’s access to Holy Lands occupied by Muslims (Andrea 2003). The long-term goal of the crusader campaigns was to unite the Eastern and Western branches of Christendom, which had earlier on split from one another in 1054. However, the result of the first crusader campaign ended up in a series of similar movements that ended in over 200 years (Ilardi and Housley 1984).
The first crusade that happened between 1096- 1099 was very successful while the second crusade failed in its goals (Madden and Madden 2005). During the first crusade, there was a un…
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