The Effects of Exercises on the Body
Physical exercises have countless benefits on the body which help us feel better, have more energy and in the long run, live longer. According to Taylor, Albert et al, regardless of whether you are exercising to lose weight or reach any other fitness goal, exercise changes you (2).
Exercises increase your lung capacity or the VO2 max. This is because lungs require approximately 15 times more oxygen when exercising which increases breathing rate and the muscles around the lungs move faster (Flynn, Kathryn et al 1453). In addition, exercises also make the heart more efficient in pumping blood. When exercising, the body requires more oxygen which leads to increased heart rate as it circulates more oxygen. As a person works out harder and longer, there is increased heart ability (Barasan, Sibel et al 132).
According to McArdle, William et al, exercises results in bigger and stronger muscles. Exercises require glucose, stored in the form of glycogen, to produce the energy uses in muscle contraction and movement (87). The body also uses adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Once all ATP is used, more blood (oxygen) is pumped into the muscles to produce more ATP. This helps in the formation of muscles (88).
Additionally, exercises increase brain functioning. With exercises, there is the higher flow of blood to the brain. This makes the functioning of the brain cells be higher where a person…
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