The main aim of correctional education and prison time is to reform criminals and offenders so as to prevent them from making their previous mistakes and reform them into respectable citizens of the society. Prisons all over America work round the clock to house thousands of inmates and help in the seamless functioning of prison reform programs. However, the latest drop in the economy brought an unprecedented danger to this administration structure: budget cuts in various department made it difficult for many programs to run. Facilities ran out of space to house new inmates. Educational and vocational programs started suffering with underfunding, and the insecurity of the job resulted in the reduction of the workforce.
The rise of Private Prisons
In a scenario that was increasingly turning from bad to dismal, private prisons came as welcome change. Unlike public correctional facilities that are governmental jurisdiction, private prisons are owned by separate organizations, which often use federal contracts to grow.
Where private sector used to employ prisoners for labour in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, it now finances major correctional facilities for prisons. These include education, prison management, jail construction, staffing and so on. Among these, over half of the private prison facilities in America are owned by two major corporations: the Corrections Corporation of America and the GEO Group CITATION Sie141 l 16393 (Siegel & Bartollas, 2014)…
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