Pulmonary Embolism often abbreviated as (PE) is a state in which the pulmonary artery obstructs due to clotting of blood or any other body material. When a blood clot forms in one of the body’s veins, it can break off and enter the circulatory system and travel. This blood clot becomes stuck in a branch of the pulmonary artery. The condition blocks the artery that ensures blood is supplied to some parts of the lung. This obstruction decreases blood supply and the air exchange to the lung tissue causing it to collapse. A doctor should always consider a pulmonary embolus when a patient complains of chest pain and the shortage of breath since it is life-threatening.
The common signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolus are; chest pains that deteriorate when taking a deep breath, a cough with bloody sputum, and difficulty in breathing. Depending on the amount of blood clot, other abnormal signs may show pulmonary embolus; high heart rate, high breathing rate, declining blood pressure, and bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes. The risk factors associated with pulmonary embolus are; prolonged control in the regular bloodstream, hypercoagulability, and impairment to the walls of the veins.
According to Authors/Task Force Members et al (3034), a doctor will always take tests to diagnose pulmonary embolus. The tests are mainly different physical checkups which concentrate on the how the heart an…
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