American Nurses Association scope and standards of practice provide a description of the “who,” “what,” “when,” “where,” “why,” and “how” of the nursing practice. “Who” comprises of the APRN (Advanced Practice Registered Nurses) and RN (Registered Nurses) with the education and title allowing them to maintain active licensure of nursing practice. “What” addresses the promotion, protection, and optimization of abilities and health to promote the prevention of injuries and illnesses, facilitate healing, and alleviate sufferings through the human responses’ diagnoses and treatments. “Where” considers the care needs of the patients. “When” addresses the need for nursing expertise, compassion, and knowledge. “Why” explains the goal of existence of the nursing profession as that which seeks to achieve the positive patient outcome (Ellis, 2016).
Conversely, ANA nursing social policy statement refers to nursing as a “helping profession” where nurses are mandated with the responsibility of helping others (patients) in compliance with the societal obligations and social contract of nursing (Bosek & Savage, 2013). On the contrary, the Code of Ethics for Nurses states that the nurses must be guided by the provisions of conducting their nursing practices with respect, commitment, and compassion for the inherent worth and dignity that promote safety and health as well as protect…
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