Iodine-131 in medicine.
Iodine-131 is an explosive, radioactive isotope of iodine represented by a symbol (I). It was first revealed through research by scientists Glenn T. Seaborg and John Livingood in 1938. However, this study was conducted in the laboratories of the California University. Iodine-131 is produced when a stable form of iodine called iodine 127 is placed in a nuclear reactor and fission is done using uranium atoms. Iodine 131 emits both gamma rays and beta particles. Iodine 131 emits both gamma rays and beta particles. The average energy delivered from gamma ray is 364 keV. The maximum power produced by beta particles is 600 keV, and the average energy of Beta particles is 190 keV. 2mm in tissue is the highest range of the emitted β particles.
Iodine-131 relation to medicine
Iodine-131 is broad to come up with a nuclear medicine that has been found to treat a cancer condition. Besides, the same nuclear medicine is used in dealing with both liver and kidney problems. Before the administration of Iodine 131, the patient’s room needs special preparation to avoid contamination of I 131. First, anything that the patient touches should be covered with absorbent pads or plastic such as the telephone, floor, and faucets. Second, anybody excretions (urine, stool or vomitus) should be flushed down toilet more than one time. Finally, after patient’s discharge room should be surveyed and contaminated material disposed of p…
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