3. Factors Leading to the “end of history” According to Fukuyama
Fukuyama suggests that the end of the cold war also signifies the end of history. The end of history meant the defeat of communalism and downfall of the Soviet Union had brought about triumph of liberal democracy and free market (Fukuyama,1). He believed that free-market liberal democracy would be the final form of humankind government. He is optimistic that the state that endures to the end of history is humanistic, fair, and identifies, and safeguards personal rights and wishes through a lawful system. Economic reasons and deeply rooted human struggle for recognition were some of the factors he attributed to lead to the end of history.
According to Fukuyama, every human being desires basic needs, food, shelter, and self-worth. Such desires provide essential pillars to build a liberal democracy. The desire to be recognized as superior create conflict among human beings. Everyone desires dignity, creating a struggle for superiority. Hegel refers to this struggle as master-slave dialectic; he further says there will always be a master and someone else will be accorded the slave status. But he believes sooner or later; every country will achieve a final stage. All humanity will achieve liberal democracy. Fukuyama thinks all states will eventually embrace democracy in ruling as it is the only form governance that satisfies the human need for dignity and recognition (Fukuyama…
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