Duchene muscular dystrophy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), fall in the category of genetic diseases that can be inherited. It’s among the nine types of dystrophy which are characterized by continual muscle degeneration and weakening. When dystrophin is absent, the muscle cells are not capable of remaining intact and this leads to DMD as shown in (Yiu & Kornberg, 2015). The symptoms start early in childhood in children aged between three to five years. Boys are the typical victims although at times girls can be attacked too.
Until the early 1980s, the origin or existence of DMD was not known. A scientific study that was supported by Mechanics-Dynamics-Aesthetics (MDA)- researchers in 1986. It was noted that a gene mutation on the X-chromosome led to the development of two types of dystrophy that is Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Becker muscular dystrophy. Genes are made of code that for specific proteins for a particular function in the body as indicated in (Yiu & Kornberg, 2015). In this context, Dystrophin is the protein that gene are supposed to code correctly and produce it that will help in keeping the cells of muscles intact and hence make it strong to allow movements. When the genes codes and fails to generate functional dystrophin, the forms of DMD stated above occurs. The only difference between Becker muscular dystrophy and Duchenne muscular dystrophy is that partial dystrophin is produced while n…
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