Chronic Kidney Disease
Age is a massive contributor to individuals getting chronic Kidney disease CITATION Oha07 l 1033 (O’hare, et al., 2007). Data shows that elderly individual is more prone to the disease due to their precursor diseases that cause Chronic Kidney disease. The most vulnerable age is the elderly above the age of 65. Research shows that the incident rate of Chronic Kidney disease among this age group has doubled over the years. There was a 50% increase in the incidences of CKD among the elderly age group (65 years and older), as compared to a 0.5% increase among individuals that are between 20 years and 65 years CITATION Nat12 l 1033 (National Institutes of Health, 2012). In the elderly population, in every four women, one has chronic Kidney disease, while one in every four male has Chronic Kidney Disease CITATION Nat173 l 1033 (National Kidney Foundation, 2017).
One significant effect of kidney failure is the excretion of albumin in urine. This is the background for albumin test to assess incidence of Chronic Kidney Failure. This is done through an urine test to check for the albumin-creatinine ratio. In the male, the specificity of the test is 94% and 69% sensitivity CITATION Jaa07 l 1033 (Jaar, Khatib, Plantinga, Boulware, & Powe, 2007). The cost of this test is approximately $40.00.
PPV and NPV
Population female = 1 in every five
Population male = 1 in every four
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