Brain plasticity is the ability of the brain to change for good or bad from childhood to adulthood, also known as neuroplasticity for example, when an individual learns a new skill such as riding a bicycle, plastic changes within the cell in the nervous system that control motor skill take place (Bocchio et al. 2017). It helps in both brain development and retrogression and without this ability, the brain cannot develop from an infant through adulthood or recover from brain damage. The brain is special because the motor and sensory signals are sent in collateral, making it possible to change the direction of the signal because it has neural paths that can duplicate another’s work. Every part of the brain has its important functions, for example, there is a part of the brain that controls right-hand movement and damage to this part, causes dysfunction of the right arm.
Brains composition is initiated before birth by our genes and its constant growth depends on developmental plasticity, a process whereby developmental processes alter synaptically and neurons connection (Bocchio et al. 2017). During birth, an infant’s neuron within the cerebral cortex has about 2,500 neurons and in adulthood the number multiplies to about 15,000 neurons this takes place when one explores the world and learns new skills, and this process is called synaptogenesis, while in old age, the neurons decrease by almost a half of the adult neurons and…
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