Alcoholism (Multi-factorial Disease)
Alcoholism also referred to as alcohol use disorder is an extensive term used to define any drinking of the drug that leads to either physical or mental health-related problems. It is vital to take into consideration the complex interactions in the genetic environment while discussing the role played by genetic factors in the consumption of alcohol. While the majority of the inborn errors of metabolism disorders are monogenetic, alcoholism is most probably a polygenic multi-factorial sickness whose mode of transmission is yet to be discovered. As a matter of fact, a number of different environmental and genetic factors may be included in the generation of a heterogeneous medical picture of the illness. However, certain environmental factors contribute to the examination of the ‘alcoholic phenotype’ in alcoholism basing on the fact that it is a polygenic multi-factorial illness.
Research has shown that genes are accountable for about half of the alcohol-related illness. In reality, there are some genes that tend to increase or decrease the risk of alcohol-related diseases either directly or indirectly. For instance, it is said that some people, particularly in Asian countries, have a special gene variant that tends to alter their metabolism rate hence making them have symptoms like nausea as well as rapid heartbeat when drunk. For this reason, it is significant for one to avoid alcoho…
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